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Sleep Breath. 2017 Mar;21(1):85-91. doi: 10.1007/s11325-016-1376-2. Epub 2016 Jul 5.

Simple obstructive sleep apnea patients without hypertension or diabetes accelerate kidney dysfunction: a population follow-up cohort study from Taiwan.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University, Taipei, Taiwan.
2
Healthcare Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University, Taipei, Taiwan.
3
Department of Internal Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan.
4
Clinical Informatics and Medical Statistics Research Center, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.
5
Sleep Center, Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, No. 123, Dinghu RD., Guishan Township, Taoyuan County, Taiwan, Republic of China.
6
Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.
7
Department of Nephrology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
8
Department of Radiology, University of California, San Diego, USA.
9
Heart Failure Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University, Taipei, Taiwan.
10
Sleep Center, Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, No. 123, Dinghu RD., Guishan Township, Taoyuan County, Taiwan, Republic of China. ninghung@yahoo.com.tw.

Abstract

BACKGROUNDS:

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is common in patients on hemodialysis, but its correlation with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is not clear. We aimed to clarify the relationship between OSA without hypertension or diabetes and incidence of CKD in Taiwan.

METHODS:

This population-based cohort study consisted of patients with newly diagnosed OSA between 2000 and 2009. The comparison cohort was matched for age, sex, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension. All subjects previously diagnosed with acute or chronic kidney disease were excluded. The primary end point was newly diagnosed CKD.

RESULTS:

We identified 6866 subjects with OSA during the 10-year study period. The median duration until development of CKD in the OSA cohort was 3.2 years, 2.5 months earlier than that in the non-OSA cohort. After exclusion of hypertension and diabetes, 4319 OSA patients was identified and the hazard ratio (HR) of CKD with OSA was 1.37 (95 % confidence interval [CI], 1.05-1.77; p = 0.019). In the subgroup analysis, an increased incidence of CKD in OSA was observed in women (HR, 1.41; 95 % CI, 1.12-1.78; p = 0.0036).

CONCLUSIONS:

This longitudinal population-based cohort study provides evidence that patients with OSA even without diabetes or hypertension are at higher risk of developing CKD over the next 3 years and nearly 2.5 months earlier than the non-OSA cohort, particularly women.

KEYWORDS:

Diabetes; Hypertension; Kidney dysfunction; Obstructive sleep apnea

PMID:
27380033
PMCID:
PMC5343077
DOI:
10.1007/s11325-016-1376-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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