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Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther. 2016 Sep;15:167-71. doi: 10.1016/j.pdpdt.2016.06.008. Epub 2016 Jul 1.

Retrospective analysis of therapeutic effect and prognostic factors on early glottic carcinoma.

Author information

1
Cancer Center, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510315, China; Traditional Chinese Medicine-Integrated Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510315, China.
2
Department of Oncology, Jiujiang First Hospital, Jiujiang, China.
3
Department of Endoscopy, Cancer Center of Guangzhou Medical University, China.
4
The Third Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Ruian, Zhejiang 325200, China.
5
Cancer Center, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510315, China; Traditional Chinese Medicine-Integrated Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510315, China. Electronic address: 945971900@qq.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the therapeutic effect of surgery, radiotherapy and photodynamic therapy on early glottic carcinoma and prognostic factors.

METHODS:

Retrospective analysis of 202 cases with early glottic carcinoma (Tis-T2N0M0) underwent surgery (n=152), radiotherapy (n=20) and PDT (n=30) from 2000 to 2013 The KPS score, the disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), local control (LC), larynx preservation rate, laryngeal function were evaluated. The methods of χ (2)test or Fisher's exact probability method, Kaplan Meier method, log-rank test of Kaplan-Meier method, Cox proportional hazards model were used to analyze the data.

RESULTS:

There was no statistical significance in OS, DFS and LC among the three groups. The laryngeal function preservation rate of RT group, PDT group and Surgery group were 90%, 86.7% and 65.1% respectively, with the former two groups significantly superior to Surgery group. While there is no statistical significance between RT group and PDT group. Single factor analysis showed that KPS score before treatment, vocal fold mobility limitation and differentiation degree could have an effect on prognosis. Multivariate regression analyses indicated that anterior commissure invasion, T stage and KPS score before treatment were independent adverse prognostic factors for OS. T stage and differentiation degree were adverse prognostic factors for DFS. T stage was also an adverse factor of LC. Thirty-three cases experienced local recurrence or cervical lymph node metastasis. Three groups showed no statistical difference in local recurrence or lymph node metastasis, with twenty-two cases in Surgery group, four in RT group and seven in PDT group.

CONCLUSIONS:

The therapeutic effect was approximate in surgery group, radiotherapy group and photodynamic group, and all three treatment regimens achieved good clinical effect. Radiotherapy and photodynamic therapy may be the first or very important treatment on early stage glottic squamous cell cancer (Tis∼T2N0M0). However only 6 patients underwent PDT for T2 disease, making definitive treatment conclusions for this subgroup unclear.

KEYWORDS:

Early glottic carcinoma; Photodynamic therapy; Prognostic factors; Radiotherapy; Surgery

PMID:
27378675
DOI:
10.1016/j.pdpdt.2016.06.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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