Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Mol Ther. 2016 Aug;24(8):1405-11. doi: 10.1038/mt.2016.111. Epub 2016 Jun 3.

Morpholino-mediated Knockdown of DUX4 Toward Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy Therapeutics.

Author information

1
Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA.
2
Department of Neurology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA.
3
The Hugo W. Moser Research Institute, Kennedy Krieger, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
4
Graduate Program in Cellular and Molecular Medicine, The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
5
Sanofi Genzyme, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.
6
Current address: Department of Biology, Sarepta Therapeutics, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.
7
Department of Neurology, The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
8
Department of Neuroscience, The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Abstract

Derepression of DUX4 in skeletal muscle has emerged as a likely cause of pathology in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD). Here we report on the use of antisense phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligonucleotides to suppress DUX4 expression and function in FSHD myotubes and xenografts. The most effective was phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligonucleotide FM10, which targets the polyadenylation signal of DUX4. FM10 had no significant cell toxicity, and RNA-seq analyses of FSHD and control myotubes revealed that FM10 down-regulated many transcriptional targets of DUX4, without overt off-target effects. Electroporation of FM10 into FSHD patient muscle xenografts in mice also down-regulated DUX4 and DUX4 targets. These findings demonstrate the potential of antisense phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligonucleotides as an FSHD therapeutic option.

PMID:
27378237
PMCID:
PMC5023379
DOI:
10.1038/mt.2016.111
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center