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Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim. 2017 Jan;64(1):27-31. doi: 10.1016/j.redar.2016.05.001. Epub 2016 Jul 2.

Current practice in regional anaesthesia in South America: An online survey.

[Article in English, Spanish]

Author information

1
Departamento de Anestesiología, Escuela de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.
2
Anestesióloga, Clínica CES, Medellín, Colombia.
3
Hospital Municipal de Oncología María Curie, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
4
Complejo Hospitalario de la Caja de Seguro Social de Panamá, Panamá.
5
Instituto de Previsión Social, Asunción, Paraguay.
6
Servicio de Anestesiología, Hospital Británico de Montevideo, Uruguay.
7
Departamento de Anestesiología, Escuela de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile. Electronic address: fernando.altermatt@gmail.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

A survey was conducted in order to obtain a profile of the practice of regional anesthesia in South America, and determine the limitations of its use.

METHODS:

After institutional ethics committee approval, a link to an online questionnaire was sent by e-mail to anaesthesiologists in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Panamá, Paraguay, Perú, and Uruguay. The questionnaire was processed anonymously.

RESULTS:

A total of 1,260 completed questionnaires were received. The results showed that 97.6% of the anaesthesiologists that responded used regional anaesthesia in clinical practice, 66.9% performed peripheral nerve block (PNB) regularly, 21.6% used continuous PNB techniques, and 4.6% used stimulating catheters. The primary source of training was residency programs. As regards PNB, the most common performed were interscalene (52.3%), axillary (45.1%), femoral (43.2%), and ankle block (43%). As regards the localisation technique employed, 16% used paraesthesia, 44.2% used a peripheral nerve stimulator, and 18.1% ultrasound guidance.

CONCLUSIONS:

Regional anaesthesia and PNB are commonly used among South American anaesthesiologists. Considering that each country has its own profile for use, this profile should guide training in clinical practice, especially in residency programs.

KEYWORDS:

Anaesthesia; Anestesia; Anestesia regional; Bloqueo de nervio periférico; Encuesta; Peripheral nerve block; Regional anaesthesia; Survey

PMID:
27377713
DOI:
10.1016/j.redar.2016.05.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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