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Food Microbiol. 2016 Oct;59:142-9. doi: 10.1016/j.fm.2016.06.004. Epub 2016 Jun 7.

Polyphenolic extracts of cherry (Prunus cerasus L.) and blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum L.) leaves as natural preservatives in meat products.

Author information

1
Institute of Fermentation Technology and Microbiology, Lodz University of Technology, Wolczanska 171/173, 90-924, Lodz, Poland. Electronic address: agnieszka.nowak@p.lodz.pl.
2
Institute of Fermentation Technology and Microbiology, Lodz University of Technology, Wolczanska 171/173, 90-924, Lodz, Poland.
3
Institute of Chemical Technology of Food, Lodz University of Technology, Stefanowskiego 4/10, 90-924, Lodz, Poland.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the possibility of using polyphenolic extracts from cherry and blackcurrant leaves as natural antimicrobial agents in meat products. The polyphenolic composition of the extracts was analyzed and their impact on the microbial quality, lipid oxidation, color, and sensory evaluation of pork sausages was studied. Polyphenolic extracts were obtained from leaves collected in September. The total polyphenolic content in sour cherry leaf extract was 1.5 times higher than that found in blackcurrant leaf extract. Analysis of the polyphenol profile of each extract revealed two major groups: phenolic acids and flavonoids, including epigallocatechin and glycosides of quercetin and kaempferol. After chilling the sausages for 14 and 28 days, the extracts caused significantly lower MDA generation, indicating an antioxidant effect. Color changes after 28 days of storage were perceptible in the case of all treatments, with and without polyphenols. The application of sour cherry and black currant leaf extracts increased the shelf life of vacuum-packed sausages. Both extracts enhanced the microbial quality of the pork sausages over 14 days of refrigerated storage. Sour cherry leaf polyphenols were more effective against almost all studied groups of microorganisms.

KEYWORDS:

Black currant leaves; Cherry leaves; Microbial community; Natural preservative; Polyphenols

PMID:
27375255
DOI:
10.1016/j.fm.2016.06.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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