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Food Chem. 2016 Dec 1;212:225-33. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2016.05.147. Epub 2016 May 25.

Evaluation of nutritional and antioxidant properties of the tropical fruits banana, litchi, mango, papaya, passion fruit and pineapple cultivated in Réunion French Island.

Author information

1
Inserm, UMR 1188 Diabète athérothrombose Thérapies Réunion Océan Indien, Plateforme CYROI, 97490 Sainte-Clotilde, La Réunion, France; Université de La Réunion, UFR Santé, 97487 Saint-Denis, La Réunion, France.
2
Vivéa Fruit and Vegetable Company, 97410 Saint-Pierre, La Réunion, France.
3
Inserm, UMR 1188 Diabète athérothrombose Thérapies Réunion Océan Indien, Plateforme CYROI, 97490 Sainte-Clotilde, La Réunion, France; Université de La Réunion, UFR Santé, 97487 Saint-Denis, La Réunion, France. Electronic address: marie-paule.gonthier@univ-reunion.fr.

Abstract

Much attention is paid to the beneficial action of fruits against obesity-related oxidative stress. This study evaluated nutritional and antioxidant properties of banana, litchi, mango, papaya, passion fruit and pineapple from Réunion French Island. Results showed that total amounts of carbohydrates, vitamin C and carotenoids were 7.7-67.3g glucose equivalent, 4.7-84.9mg ascorbic acid equivalent and 26.6-3829.2μg β-carotene equivalent/100g fresh weight, respectively. Polyphenols were detected as the most abundant antioxidants (33.0-286.6mg gallic acid equivalent/100g fresh weight) with the highest content from passion fruit. UPLC-MS analysis led to identify epigallocatechin and quercetin derivatives from banana and litchi, ferulic, sinapic, syringic and gallic acids from pineapple and mango, and piceatannol from passion fruit. Polyphenol-rich extracts protected red blood cells and preadipose cells against oxidative stress. Altogether, these findings highlight nutritional benefits of French tropical fruits and their possible interest to improve antioxidant capacities of the body during obesity.

KEYWORDS:

Antioxidants; Obesity-related oxidative stress; Phytochemicals; Polyphenols; Tropical fruits

PMID:
27374527
DOI:
10.1016/j.foodchem.2016.05.147
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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