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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2016 Jul 27;8(29):18754-62. doi: 10.1021/acsami.6b03499. Epub 2016 Jul 12.

Metallic VS2 Monolayer Polytypes as Potential Sodium-Ion Battery Anode via ab Initio Random Structure Searching.

Author information

1
Physics Division, Institute of Mathematical Sciences and Physics, University of the Philippines Los Baños, College , Los Baños, 4031, Laguna, Philippines.
2
Department of Physics, National Taiwan University , Taipei, Taiwan , 10617.
3
Institute of Atomic and Molecular Sciences, Academia Sinica , Taipei, Taiwan , 11529.
4
Department of Materials and Optoelectronic Science, National Sun Yat-Sen University , Kaohsiung, Taiwan , 80424.

Abstract

We systematically investigated the potential of single-layer VS2 polytypes as Na-battery anode materials via density functional theory calculations. We found that sodiation tends to inhibit the 1H-to-1T structural phase transition, in contrast to lithiation-induced transition on monolayer MoS2. Thus, VS2 can have better structural stability in the cycles of charging and discharging. Diffussion of Na atom was found to be very fast on both polytypes, with very small diffusion barriers of 0.085 eV (1H) and 0.088 eV (1T). Ab initio random structure searching was performed in order to explore stable configurations of Na on VS2. Our search found that both the V top and the hexagonal center sites are preferred adsorption sites for Na, with the 1H phase showing a relatively stronger binding. Notably, our random structures search revealed that Na clusters can form as a stacked second layer at full Na concentration, which is not reported in earlier works wherein uniform, single-layer Na adsorption phases were assumed. With reasonably high specific energy capacity (232.91 and 116.45 mAh/g for 1H and 1T phases, respectively) and open-circuit voltage (1.30 and 1.42 V for 1H and 1T phases, respectively), VS2 is a promising alternative material for Na-ion battery anodes with great structural sturdiness. Finally, we have shown the capability of the ab initio random structure searching in the assessment of potential materials for energy storage applications.

KEYWORDS:

DFT; Na-ion battery; ab initio random structure searching; energy; polytypes; transition-metal dichalcogenide

PMID:
27373121
DOI:
10.1021/acsami.6b03499

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