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Electromagn Biol Med. 2017;36(1):55-62. Epub 2016 Jul 1.

Weak-field H3O+ ion cyclotron resonance alters water refractive index.

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a Department of Anthropic Settlements , INAIL (National Institute for Insurance against Accidents at Work) , Rome , Italy.
b Department of Medicine , Institute of Translational Pharmacology CNR , Rome , Italy.
c Department of Physics , Oakland University , Rochester , MI , USA.


Heretofore only observed in living systems, we report that weak-field ion cyclotron resonance (ICR) also occurs in inanimate matter. Weak magnetic field (50 nT) hydronium ICR at the field combination (7.84 Hz, 7.5 ┬ÁT) markedly changes water structure, as evidenced by finding an altered index of refraction exactly at this combined field. This observation utilizes a novel technique which measures the scattering of a He-Ne laser beam as the sample is exposed to a ramped magnetic field frequency. In addition to the hydronium resonance, we find evidence of ICR coupling to a more massive structure, possibly a tetrahedral combination of three waters and a single hydronium ion. To check our observations, we extended this technique to D2O, successfully predicting the specific ICR charge-to-mass ratio for D3O+ that alters the index of refraction.


Hydronium ion; heavy hydronium; index of refraction; ion cyclotron resonance; proton hopping; water

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