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Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 2016 Jul-Aug;20(4):468-74. doi: 10.4103/2230-8210.183476.

Prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms among patients with hypothyroidism.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, MM Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Mullana, Jandheri, Haryana, India.
2
Department of Medicine, MM Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Mullana, Jandheri, Haryana, India.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

The association between depression and thyroid function is well known. Both conditions express many similar symptoms, thus making the diagnosis and treatment difficult.

AIMS:

To find the prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms among patients with hypothyroid.

SETTINGS AND DESIGN:

Cross-sectional study.

MATERIALS AND METHODOLOGY:

A total of 100 patients diagnosed as hypothyroidism were evaluated using Hamilton depression rating scale (HDRS) and Hamilton scale for anxiety (HAM-A).

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED:

The data were analyzed using the SPSS for Windows version 17.0 software. The quantitative data were expressed in number and percentage. The results obtained were compared using the Chi-square test.

RESULTS:

Females constituted 70% of the sample. A total of 60% reported some degree of depression based on HDRS (males - 56.63% and females - 64.29%) whereas about 63% out of the total patients screened showed some degree of anxiety (males -56.66% and females - 65.72%) based on HAM-A. The most common depressive symptom among the males was depressed mood (73.33%) and among females was gastrointestinal somatic symptoms (68.54%). The most common anxiety symptom among the males was depressed mood (70.0%) and among females was anxious mood (92.85%).

CONCLUSIONS:

Psychiatric symptoms/disorders are common in patients with thyroid dysfunction.

KEYWORDS:

Anxiety; depression; hypothyroid; psychiatry symptoms

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