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J Korean Med Sci. 2016 Jul;31(7):1037-41. doi: 10.3346/jkms.2016.31.7.1037. Epub 2016 Apr 27.

The Poisoning Information Database Covers a Large Proportion of Real Poisoning Cases in Korea.

Author information

1
Department of Emergency Medicine, Korea University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea .
2
Department of Emergency Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea .
3
Department of Internal Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Cheonan Hospital, Cheonan, Korea .
4
Department of Emergency Medicine, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea .
5
Department of Emergency Medicine, Wonju College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Wonju, Korea .
6
Department of Emergency Medicine, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju, Korea .
7
Department of Emergency Medicine, Konyang University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea .
8
Department of Emergency Medicine, Chungbuk National University Hospital, Cheongju, Korea .
9
Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu, Daegu, Korea .
10
Department of Emergency Medicine, Chonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, Korea .
11
Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea .
12
Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, CHA University, Gumi, Korea .
13
Department of Emergency Medicine, Daegu Fatima Hospital, Daegu, Korea .
14
Department of Emergency Medicine, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea .
15
Department of Emergency Medicine, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon Hospital, Bucheon, Korea .
16
Department of Emergency Medicine, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea .
17
Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Korea .
18
Department of Emergency Medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea .
19
Department of Emergency Medicine, Jeju National University, Jeju, Korea .

Abstract

The poisoning information database (PIDB) provides clinical toxicological information on commonly encountered toxic substances in Korea. The aim of this study was to estimate the coverage rate of the PIDB by comparing the database with the distribution of toxic substances that real poisoning patients presented to 20 emergency departments. Development of the PIDB started in 2007, and the number of toxic substances increased annually from 50 to 470 substances in 2014. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with toxic exposure who visited 20 emergency departments in Korea from January to December 2013. Identified toxic substances were classified as prescription drug, agricultural chemical, household product, animal or plant, herbal drug, or other. We calculated the coverage rate of the PIDB for both the number of poisoning cases and the kinds of toxic substances. A total of 10,887 cases of intoxication among 8,145 patients was collected. The 470 substances registered in the PIDB covered 89.3% of 8,891 identified cases related to poisoning, while the same substances only covered 45.3% of the 671 kinds of identified toxic substances. According to category, 211 prescription drugs, 58 agricultural chemicals, 28 household products, and 32 animals or plants were not covered by the PIDB. This study suggested that the PIDB covered a large proportion of real poisoning cases in Korea. However, the database should be continuously extended to provide information for even rare toxic substances.

KEYWORDS:

Database; Information; Poisoning

PMID:
27365999
PMCID:
PMC4900993
DOI:
10.3346/jkms.2016.31.7.1037
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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