Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Jul 12;113(28):E4015-24. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1608795113. Epub 2016 Jun 28.

Htm1p-Pdi1p is a folding-sensitive mannosidase that marks N-glycoproteins for ER-associated protein degradation.

Author information

1
Chemistry and Chemical Biology Graduate Program, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94158; Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94158; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94158;
2
Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94158; Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry; University of California, San Francisco, CA 94158; danica.fujimori@ucsf.edu jonathan.weissman@ucsf.edu.
3
Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94158; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94158; Center for RNA Systems Biology; University of California, San Francisco, CA 94158; California Institute for Quantitative Biomedical Research, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94158 danica.fujimori@ucsf.edu jonathan.weissman@ucsf.edu.

Abstract

Our understanding of how the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated protein degradation (ERAD) machinery efficiently targets terminally misfolded proteins while avoiding the misidentification of nascent polypeptides and correctly folded proteins is limited. For luminal N-glycoproteins, demannosylation of their N-glycan to expose a terminal α1,6-linked mannose is necessary for their degradation via ERAD, but whether this modification is specific to misfolded proteins is unknown. Here we report that the complex of the mannosidase Htm1p and the protein disulfide isomerase Pdi1p (Htm1p-Pdi1p) acts as a folding-sensitive mannosidase for catalyzing this first committed step in Saccharomyces cerevisiae We reconstitute this step in vitro with Htm1p-Pdi1p and model glycoprotein substrates whose structural states we can manipulate. We find that Htm1p-Pdi1p is a glycoprotein-specific mannosidase that preferentially targets nonnative glycoproteins trapped in partially structured states. As such, Htm1p-Pdi1p is suited to act as a licensing factor that monitors folding in the ER lumen and preferentially commits glycoproteins trapped in partially structured states for degradation.

KEYWORDS:

ER quality control; ERAD; N-glycoprotein; mannosidase

PMID:
27357682
PMCID:
PMC4948361
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.1608795113
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center