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PLoS One. 2016 Jun 29;11(6):e0158533. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0158533. eCollection 2016.

Stroke and Risks of Development and Progression of Kidney Diseases and End-Stage Renal Disease: A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study.

Wu CL1,2,3,4, Tsai CC1,2, Kor CT4, Tarng DC3,5,6, Lian IeB7, Yang TH8, Chiu PF1,2,4, Chang CC1,2,4,8.

Author information

1
Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua, Taiwan.
2
School of Medicine, Chung-Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.
3
Institute of Clinical Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan.
4
Internal Medicine Research Center, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua, Taiwan.
5
Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
6
Department and Institute of Physiology, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan.
7
Graduate Institute of Statistics and Information Science, National Changhua University of Education, Changhua, Taiwan.
8
Environmental and Precision Medicine Laboratory, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua, Taiwan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There is little information about the association between stroke and kidney diseases. We aimed to investigate the impact of stroke on long-term renal outcomes.

METHODS:

In this large population-based retrospective cohort study, we identified 100,353 subjects registered in the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan from January 1, 2000, through December 31, 2012, including 33,451 stroke patients and 66,902 age-, sex- and Charlson's comorbidity index score-matched controls.

RESULTS:

The incidence rate of chronic kidney disease (CKD) was higher in the stroke than in the control cohort (17.5 vs. 9.06 per 1000 person-years). After multivariate adjustment, the risk of developing CKD was significantly higher in patients with stroke (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] 1.43, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.36-1.50, P<0.001). Subgroup analysis showed that stroke patients <50 years (aHR 1.61, P<0.001) and those with concomitant diabetes mellitus (aHR 2.12, P<0.001), hyperlipidemia (aHR 1.53, P<0.001) or gout (aHR 1.84, P<0.001) were at higher risk of incident CKD. Additionally, the risks of progression to advanced CKD and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) were significantly higher for stroke patients (aHRs, 1.22 and 1.30; P = 0.04 and P = 0.008, respectively), independent of age, sex, comorbidities and long-term medications.

CONCLUSIONS:

Stroke is associated with higher risks for incident CKD, decline in renal function and ESRD. Younger stroke patients, as well as those with concomitant diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia or gout are at greater risk for kidney diseases.

PMID:
27355475
PMCID:
PMC4927175
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0158533
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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