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Anticancer Res. 2016 Jul;36(7):3401-7.

Prognostic Significance of NOGO-A/B and NOGO-B Receptor Expression in Malignant Melanoma - A Preliminary Study.

Author information

1
Department of Chemotherapy, Lower Silesian Oncology Center, Wroclaw, Poland.
2
Department of Histology and Embryology, Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland Research and Development Center, Regional Specialist Hospital, Wroclaw, Poland.
3
Department of Pathology, Lower Silesian Oncology Center, Wroclaw, Poland.
4
Research and Development Center, Regional Specialist Hospital, Wroclaw, Poland.
5
Department of Histology and Embryology, Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland.
6
Department of Histology and Embryology, Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland Research and Development Center, Regional Specialist Hospital, Wroclaw, Poland Department of Physiotherapy, University School of Physical Education, Wroclaw, Poland piotr.dziegiel@umed.wroc.pl.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Neurite outgrowth inhibitor type B (NOGO-B) and its receptor (NGBR) were shown to regulate various crucial cellular processes and may be therefore potential factors influencing carcinogenesis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Expression of NOGO-A, NOGO-A/B and NGBR was studied in benign melanocytic lesions and primary tumors and metastases of malignant melanoma (MM).

RESULTS:

Cytoplasmic expression of the studied antigens was detected in melanocytes and MM cells. NOGO-A/B expression was significantly lower in metastatatic MM cases compared to primary MM tumors (p<0.01) and bening melanocytic lesions (p<0.001). In primary MM tumors, NOGO-A expression intensity positively correlated with NOGO-A/B (r=0.32, p<0.05) and NGBR expression (r=0.53, p<0.0001). NOGO-B and NGBR immunoreactivity correlated negatively with depth of primary MM infiltration (both p<0.01). Moreover, low NOGO-A/B expression was a factor of poor prognosis of primary MM.

CONCLUSION:

NOGO-A/B may be a negative prognostic factor of MM.

KEYWORDS:

Malignant melanoma; NOGO-A/B; NOGO-B receptor; immunohistochemistry

PMID:
27354599
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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