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Body Image. 2016 Sep;18:86-95. doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2016.06.003. Epub 2016 Jun 25.

A systematic review of body dissatisfaction and sociocultural messages related to the body among preschool children.

Author information

1
The Institute for Health and Ageing, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address: Gemma.Tatangelo@acu.edu.au.
2
The Institute for Health and Ageing, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, Australia.
3
Deakin University, Burwood, Australia.

Abstract

This systematic review examines body dissatisfaction and the influence of sociocultural messages related to body image among preschool children. The review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines and 16 studies were included in the final analysis. Findings suggest that children under the age of 6 years old experience body dissatisfaction, however, the proportion of children who are dissatisfied varied from around 20% to 70%, depending on the method of assessment. The literature was divided on whether preschool aged girls experience more body dissatisfaction than boys. Parental influence appears to be an important factor in the development of preschool children's body dissatisfaction and attitudes. However, more research is needed to understand the influences of children's peers and the media. The need for more sensitive measures of body dissatisfaction and prevention programs for preschool children is discussed.

KEYWORDS:

BMI; Body dissatisfaction; Body image; Parents; Preschool children; Sociocultural

PMID:
27352102
DOI:
10.1016/j.bodyim.2016.06.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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