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Cell Tissue Res. 2016 Sep;365(3):467-82. doi: 10.1007/s00441-016-2446-2. Epub 2016 Jun 28.

Integrin-mediated regulation of epidermal wound functions.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Albany Medical College, Albany, NY, 12208, USA. dipersm@mail.amc.edu.
2
Department of Regenerative & Cancer Cell Biology, Albany Medical College, Mail Code 165, Room MR-421, 47 New Scotland Avenue, Albany, NY, 12208-3479, USA. dipersm@mail.amc.edu.
3
Department of Regenerative & Cancer Cell Biology, Albany Medical College, Mail Code 165, Room MR-421, 47 New Scotland Avenue, Albany, NY, 12208-3479, USA.

Abstract

During cutaneous wound healing, keratinocyte proliferation and migration are critical for re-epithelialization. In addition the epidermis secretes growth factors, cytokines, proteases, and matricellular proteins into the wound microenvironment that modify the extracellular matrix and stimulate other wound cells that control the inflammatory response, promote angiogenesis and facilitate tissue contraction and remodeling. Wound keratinocytes express at least seven different integrins-the major cell adhesion receptors for the extracellular matrix-that collectively control essential cell-autonomous functions to ensure proper re-epithelialization, including migration, proliferation, survival and basement membrane assembly. Moreover, it has become evident in recent years that some integrins can regulate paracrine signals from wound epidermis that stimulate other wound cells involved in angiogenesis, contraction and inflammation. Importantly, it is likely that abnormal integrin expression or function in the epidermis contributes to wound pathologies such as over-exuberant healing (e.g., hypertrophic scar formation) or diminished healing (e.g., chronic wounds). In this review, we discuss current knowledge of integrin function in the epidermis, which implicates them as attractive therapeutic targets to promote wound healing or treat wound pathologies. We also discuss challenges that arise from the complex roles that multiple integrins play in wound epidermis, which may be regulated through extracellular matrix remodeling that determines ligand availability. Indeed, understanding how different integrin functions are temporally coordinated in wound epidermis and which integrin functions go awry in pathological wounds, will be important to determine how best to target them clinically to achieve maximum therapeutic benefit. Graphical abstract In addition to their well-characterized roles in keratinocyte adhesion, migration and wound re-epithelialization, epidermal integrins play important roles in modifying the wound microenvironment by regulating the expression and secretion of growth factors, extracellular proteases, and matricellular proteins that stimulate other wound cells, including vascular endothelial cells and fibroblasts/myofibroblasts.

KEYWORDS:

Epidermis; Extracellular matrix; Integrin; Keratinocyte; Wound healing

PMID:
27351421
PMCID:
PMC5010935
DOI:
10.1007/s00441-016-2446-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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