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Fitoterapia. 2016 Sep;113:6-26. doi: 10.1016/j.fitote.2016.06.009. Epub 2016 Jun 23.

Traditional uses, fermentation, phytochemistry and pharmacology of Phellinus linteus: A review.

Author information

1
Key Laboratory of Resource Biology and Biotechnology in Western China, Ministry of Education, The College of Life Sciences, Northwest University, No. 229 Taibai North Road, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710069, China.
2
Key Laboratory of Resource Biology and Biotechnology in Western China, Ministry of Education, The College of Life Sciences, Northwest University, No. 229 Taibai North Road, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710069, China. Electronic address: zyy@nwu.edu.cn.

Abstract

Medicinal mushroom Phellinus linteus ("Sanghuang" in Chinese, ) is a famous fungus which is widely used in China, Korea, and other Asian countries. As a traditional Chinese medicine with a 2000-year long history, medicinal applications of Phellinus linteus mainly include treating hemorrhage, hemostasis and diseases related to female menstruation according to Chinese clinical empirical practice. A number of studies reported Phellinus linteus possessed good therapeutic effects on various ailments including tumor, diabetes, inflammation, obesity, etc. The present paper comprehensively reviewed the traditional uses, fermentation, constituent and pharmacology of Phellinus linteus based on scientific literature as well as critical analysis of the research. This review aimed to provide latest information and new foundations and directions for further investigations on Phellinus linteus. All available information about Phellinus linteus was supplied by library database and electronic search (CNKI, Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, PubMed, etc.). Some local and ancient books as well as brilliant scholars were also important information resources. Improvement of fermentation techniques promoted the production of Phellinus linteus. Studies of constituents showed the main chemical composition of Phellinus linteus included polysaccharides, flavones, triterpenes, aromatic acids, amino acids, etc. and polysaccharides were found to account for the largest proportion. Pharmacological researches revealed Phellinus linteus possessed a variety of biological activities including anti-cancer, immuno-regulation, anti-diabetes, anti-oxidation and anti-inflammation. Based on these summarized information, this review was presented to provide helpful references and beneficial directions for future studies of Phellinus linteus.

KEYWORDS:

Fermentation; Naringenin (PubChem CID: 439246); Pharmacology; Phellibaumin A (PubChem CID: 54581651); Phelligridimer A (PubChem CID: 22835628); Phelligridins G (PubChem CID: 11444732); Phelligrin A (PubChem CID: 54586497); Phellinignincisterol A (PubChem CID: 46872463); Phellinus igniarius; Phellinus linteus; Phytochemistry; Traditional Chinese medicine

PMID:
27343366
DOI:
10.1016/j.fitote.2016.06.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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