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Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Jun;55(3):385-9. doi: 10.1016/j.tjog.2016.04.014.

Preeclampsia is associated with low placental transthyretin levels.

Author information

1
Beijing Chaoyang Hospital Affiliated Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
2
Research Centre for Women's and Infants' Health at the Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
3
Research Centre for Women's and Infants' Health at the Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: lye@lunenfeld.ca.
4
Beijing Chaoyang Hospital Affiliated Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. Electronic address: zhenyuzhangcn@126.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the relationship between placental transthyretin (TTR) level and preeclampsia.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Placental tissues from uncomplicated and preeclamptic pregnancies were analyzed using immunohistochemistry and image analysis. We measured the mean optical density (OD) of immunohistochemical staining of TTR across multiple sections using Image Pro Plus 6.0. To avoid bias, we used placental tissue array, which contained preeclamptic placentas (n=8) and the control placentas (n=6) on the same slide.

RESULTS:

The mean TTR OD of the syncytiotrophoblast layer of placentas (95% confidence interval) from the first trimester was higher than those from the second/third trimester, and term placentas [0.149 (0.014-0.285) for the 1(st) trimester, 0.037 (0.000-0.073) for the 2(nd)/3(rd) trimester, and 0.011 (0.035-0.056) for term; p<0.01]. Although the OD of the second/third trimester placentas appeared greater than that of term placentas, this was not statistically significant. The mean TTR OD of the syncytiotrophoblast layer of the severe preeclampsia group was lower than that of controls [0.010 (0.005-0.016) vs. 0.027 (0.013-0.041), p<0.05].

CONCLUSION:

The immunohistochemical expression of TTR in the syncytiotrophoblast layer of the placenta decreased significantly after 12 weeks of gestation, paralleling the changing demands of thyroid hormone uptake into the placenta. The reduced TTR expression in the syncytiotrophoblast layer of the preeclamptic placenta might impair thyroid hormone uptake and contribute to the pathophysiology of the disease.

KEYWORDS:

preeclampsia; thyroid hormone; transthyretin

PMID:
27343320
DOI:
10.1016/j.tjog.2016.04.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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