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Quintessence Int. 2016;47(8):677-86. doi: 10.3290/j.qi.a36386.

Influence of the orthognathic surgical procedure Le Fort I osteotomy on the vascularity and neurosensory response of the dental pulp: A systematic review.



Abnormalities of the midface and maxilla are frequently corrected using Le Fort I surgery. This osteotomy passes near the apices of the maxillary teeth, severing the blood vessels and nerves supplying the teeth. The aim of this review was to determine the effect of Le Fort I osteotomy on pulpal vascularity and neurosensory response.


A systematic search of the literature was performed in PubMed/ Medline, Google Scholar, EMBASE, and ISI Web of Knowledge from 1969 up to and including December 2015 using the following key words: Le Fort 1, tooth vitality, maxillary osteotomy, pulp, orthognathic. Reference lists of relevant articles were hand-searched for additional articles.


Sixty-two studies were located by initial screening; 38 did not meet the eligibility criteria; three were excluded after full-text review, 13 were excluded after quality assessment, leaving nine studies eligible that met all inclusion criteria for this systematic review. The postoperative follow-up period of the included studies ranged from 3 months to 28 months. Five studies assessed pulpal blood flow using laser Doppler flowmetry and eight studies assessed the pulpal neurosensory response using electric pulp testing.


There is a decrease in pulpal vascularity and neurosensory response following a Le Fort I osteotomy in the early postoperative period (1 to 10 days) that is likely temporary. Further controlled clinical studies with standardized parameters are required to determine the long-term effects of Le Fort I osteotomy on the vascular and neural healing of the dental pulp.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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