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Science. 2016 Jun 24;352(6293):1535-42. doi: 10.1126/science.aaf7419.

A sentinel goblet cell guards the colonic crypt by triggering Nlrp6-dependent Muc2 secretion.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Biochemistry, University of Gothenburg, 40530 Gothenburg, Sweden.
2
Department of Medical Biochemistry, University of Gothenburg, 40530 Gothenburg, Sweden. gunnar.hansson@medkem.gu.se.

Abstract

Innate immune signaling pathways contribute to the protection of host tissue when bacterially challenged. Colonic goblet cells are responsible for generating the two mucus layers that physically separate the luminal microbiota from the host epithelium. Analysis of colonic tissues from multiple mouse strains allowed us to identify a "sentinel" goblet cell (senGC) localized to the colonic crypt entrance. This cell nonspecifically endocytoses and reacts to the TLR2/1, TLR4, and TLR5 ligands by activating the Nlrp6 inflammasome downstream of TLR- and MyD88-dependent Nox/Duox reactive oxygen species synthesis. This triggers calcium ion-dependent compound exocytosis of Muc2 mucin from the senGC and generates an intercellular gap junction signal; in turn, this signal induces Muc2 secretion from adjacent goblet cells in the upper crypt, which expels bacteria. Thus, senGCs guard and protect the colonic crypt from bacterial intruders that have penetrated the inner mucus layer.

PMID:
27339979
PMCID:
PMC5148821
DOI:
10.1126/science.aaf7419
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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