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Contemp Clin Trials. 2016 Jul;49:103-8. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2016.06.009. Epub 2016 Jun 23.

The effect of before school physical activity on child development: A study protocol to evaluate the Build Our Kids Success (BOKS) Program.

Author information

1
Institute of Lifestyle Medicine, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States. Electronic address: pojednic@g.harvard.edu.
2
Institute of Lifestyle Medicine, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States.
3
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, United States.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Most childhood physical activity interventions focus on reducing childhood obesity with varying success, indicating that body mass index (BMI) may be a limited marker of health in children. To better understand overall childhood health and wellbeing, this study is investigating BOKS (Build Our Kids Success), an established ongoing before-school physical activity program, to evaluate students' physical health, mental health, cognitive capacity, and academic performance.

DESIGN AND METHODS:

The study is a non-randomized controlled trial with 26 elementary and middle schools in 3 Massachusetts communities, including first through eighth grade (aged 5-14) students, their parents, and teachers. Data collection is occurring during the 2015-2016 school year. Physical fitness is being assessed via 400m run and anthropometrics via height and weight measures (BMI). Psychosocial outcomes are being assessed via student, parent, and teacher survey and include nutrition, daily activities, emotional and relationship scales, bullying and victimization, vitality and energy, student engagement, stress, positive affect, self-efficacy and life satisfaction. Academic performance is reported by grades. Statistical methods include a psychometric evaluation of study measures, Pearson correlations, Student's t-tests, ANOVA/ANCOVA and multivariate linear regression including multilevel modeling analyses to account for the hierarchical organization of the data.

DISCUSSION:

This study is investigating a before school physical activity program on parameters of physical health, mental health, cognitive capacity, and academic performance by employing a novel triad approach, correlating the input of the child, parent, and teacher. Outcomes will evaluate the effectiveness of a before school physical activity program in elementary and middle schools and potentially provide valuable information for schools looking to institute innovative physical activity programs.

KEYWORDS:

Academic performance; Behavioral health; Brain health; Children; Fitness; Physical activity

PMID:
27339866
DOI:
10.1016/j.cct.2016.06.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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