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Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2016 Jun;20(11):2425-34.

Protective effect of intravenous lipid emulsion treatment on malathion-induced ovarian toxicity in female rats.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Gaziosmanpasa University, Tokat, Turkey.



Malathion (MLT) is an organophosphate (OP) pesticide widely used in agriculture and for domestic purposes for several years. Intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) has been reported to reduce toxicity caused by some lipid soluble agents. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible protective effects of ILE treatment on acute malathion toxicity in ovarian tissue of female rats.


Twenty-one adult female Wistar rats (weighted 200-250 g) were divided into three groups; control (corn oil, gavage), MLT (one administration of 100 mg/kg/ by gavage), 20% ILE (one intravenous administration of 3 ml/kg) plus the MLT group. Blood samples were collected for biochemical tests. The ovaries were removed and fixed for histopathological and immunohistochemical analyses. Malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) were investigated in ovarian tissues. Histopathological and immunohistochemical evaluations were performed through scoring ovarian tissue damage and bax/caspase-3 immunoreactivity, respectively.


SOD activity decreased in MLT group compared to the control group in tissue samples (p = 0.012). ILE treatment significantly increased SOD activity in MLT+ILE group compared to MLT group in tissue samples (p = 0.017). MLT treatment increased significantly caspase-3 and bax immunoreactivity while ILE decreased bax and caspase-3 immunoreactivity. However, no significant difference was found for MDA levels and GSH-Px activity in both blood and tissue samples and for histopathological results.


The present study revealed that acute oral MLT administration increased oxidative stress and apoptosis in the rats. ILE treatment partially decreased deleterious effects of MLT. Further controlled animal studies are required to define the role of ILE in acute OP poisonings.

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