Send to

Choose Destination
Obesity (Silver Spring). 2016 Aug;24(8):1687-94. doi: 10.1002/oby.21539. Epub 2016 Jun 21.

An allosteric antibody to the leptin receptor reduces body weight and reverses the diabetic phenotype in the Lep(ob) /Lep(ob) mouse.

Author information

Preclinical Development, XOMA Corporation, Berkeley, California, USA.
Discovery Research, XOMA Corporation, Berkeley, California, USA.



Leptin (LEP) deficiency results in major metabolic perturbations, including obesity, dyslipidemia, and diabetes. Although LEP deficiency can be treated with daily injections of a recombinant LEP, generation of an antibody activating the LEP receptor (LEPR) that has both an intrinsically long half-life and low immunogenicity could be useful in the treatment of this condition.


Phage display technology coupled with flow cytometry and cell-based in vitro assays were employed to identify an allosteric agonist of the mouse LEPR. LEP-deficient Lep(ob) /Lep(ob) mice were used to compare in vivo effects of LEP to antibody administration. To evaluate hypothalamic effects of treatment, changes in mRNA levels of neuropeptide Y and proopiomelanocortin were measured.


XPA.80.037 is a monoclonal antibody that demonstrates allosteric agonism of the mouse LEPR. Treatment of Lep(ob) /Lep(ob) mice with XPA.80.037 markedly reduced hyperphagia and body weight, normalized blood glucose and plasma insulin levels, and corrected dyslipidemia. These metabolic alterations correlated with changes in mRNA levels of neuropeptide Y and proopiomelanocortin, suggesting that XPA.80.037 had hypothalamic effects.


Agonist allosteric monoclonal antibodies to the LEPR can correct metabolic effects associated with LEP deficiency in vivo and thereby have the potential to treat conditions of LEP deficiency.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center