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Aesthet Surg J. 2016 Sep;36(8):931-40. doi: 10.1093/asj/sjw074. Epub 2016 Jun 21.

Sleep Wrinkles: Facial Aging and Facial Distortion During Sleep.

Author information

1
Dr Anson is a Clinical Instructor, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV. Dr Kane is a plastic surgeon in private practice in New York, NY. Dr Lambros is a Clinical Professor of Plastic Surgery, University of California, Irvine, CA.

Abstract

Wrinkles are just one indicator of facial aging, but an indicator that is of prime importance in our world of facial aesthetics. Wrinkles occur where fault lines develop in aging skin. Those fault lines may be due to skin distortion resulting from facial expression or may be due to skin distortion from mechanical compression during sleep. Expression wrinkles and sleep wrinkles differ in etiology, location, and anatomical pattern. Compression, shear, and stress forces act on the face in lateral or prone sleep positions. We review the literature relating to the development of wrinkles and the biomechanical changes that occur in response to intrinsic and extrinsic influences. We explore the possibility that compression during sleep not only results in wrinkles but may also contribute to facial skin expansion.

PMID:
27329660
DOI:
10.1093/asj/sjw074
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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