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PLoS One. 2016 Jun 21;11(6):e0157868. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0157868. eCollection 2016.

Analysis of the Effect of Degree Correlation on the Size of Minimum Dominating Sets in Complex Networks.

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Department of Bioscience and Bioinformatics, Kyushu Institute of Technology, Iizuka, Fukuoka, Japan.
Bioinformatics Center, Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto, Japan.


Network controllability is an important topic in wide-ranging research fields. However, the relationship between controllability and network structure is poorly understood, although degree heterogeneity is known to determine the controllability. We focus on the size of a minimum dominating set (MDS), a measure of network controllability, and investigate the effect of degree-degree correlation, which is universally observed in real-world networks, on the size of an MDS. We show that disassortativity or negative degree-degree correlation reduces the size of an MDS using analytical treatments and numerical simulation, whereas positive correlations hardly affect the size of an MDS. This result suggests that disassortativity enhances network controllability. Furthermore, apart from the controllability issue, the developed techniques provide new ways of analyzing complex networks with degree-degree correlations.

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