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Bioelectromagnetics. 2016 Sep;37(6):353-72. doi: 10.1002/bem.21987. Epub 2016 Jun 21.

Development and evaluation of an electromagnetic hypersensitivity questionnaire for Japanese people.

Author information

1
Institute of Applied Brain Sciences, Waseda University, Tokorozawa, Japan.
2
Department of Allergy and Respirology, and Clinical Research Center for Allergy and Rheumatology, National Hospital Organization, Sagamihara National Hospital, Sagamihara, Japan.
3
Shokei Gakuin University, Natori, Japan.
4
Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Oita University, Oita, Japan.
5
Department of Respiratory Medicine and Allergy, National Hospital Organization, Morioka National Hospital, Morioka, Japan.
6
Clinic of Enviromental Medicine Soyokaze Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
7
Department of Health Informatics, Kyoto University School of Public Health, Kyoto, Japan.
8
Division of Biostatistics, Tohoku University Hospital Clinic Research Data Center, Sendai, Japan.
9
Kansai University of Health Sciences, Osaka, Japan.
10
Faculty of Life Sciences, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan.
11
Faculty of Human Sciences, Waseda University, Tokorozawa, Japan.

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of a Japanese version of an electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS) questionnaire, originally developed by Eltiti et al. in the United Kingdom. Using this Japanese EHS questionnaire, surveys were conducted on 1306 controls and 127 self-selected EHS subjects in Japan. Principal component analysis of controls revealed eight principal symptom groups, namely, nervous, skin-related, head-related, auditory and vestibular, musculoskeletal, allergy-related, sensory, and heart/chest-related. The reliability of the Japanese EHS questionnaire was confirmed by high to moderate intraclass correlation coefficients in a test-retest analysis, and high Cronbach's α coefficients (0.853-0.953) from each subscale. A comparison of scores of each subscale between self-selected EHS subjects and age- and sex-matched controls using bivariate logistic regression analysis, Mann-Whitney U- and χ(2) tests, verified the validity of the questionnaire. This study demonstrated that the Japanese EHS questionnaire is reliable and valid, and can be used for surveillance of EHS individuals in Japan. Furthermore, based on multiple logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic analyses, we propose specific preliminary criteria for screening EHS individuals in Japan. Bioelectromagnetics. 37:353-372, 2016. © 2016 The Authors. Bioelectromagnetics Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

KEYWORDS:

EHS screening tool; allergy symptoms; electromagnetic fields; idiopathic environmental intolerance; multiple chemical sensitivities

PMID:
27324106
PMCID:
PMC5094565
DOI:
10.1002/bem.21987
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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