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Behav Sleep Med. 2018 May-Jun;16(3):235-243. doi: 10.1080/15402002.2016.1188391. Epub 2016 Jun 20.

Sleep Duration in Relation to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in American Adults.

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a Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Massachusetts Amherst , Amherst , Massachusetts , USA.


Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental condition being diagnosed in increasing numbers. While the link between sleep and ADHD is of increasing interest, the relationship between sleep duration and ADHD remains largely uninvestigated in adult populations. We evaluated the association between self-reported sleep duration and ADHD in a cohort of American adults using data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012). Of the 30,858 participants eligible for our analyses, there were 1,122 cases of ADHD. Elevated and diminished sleep durations were both associated with increased odds of reporting ADHD (≤ 6 hr: OR = 1.50, 95% CI 1.19, 1.90; ≥ 9 hr: OR = 1.49, 95% CI 1.26, 1.75) in fully adjusted models. Future prospective studies are necessary to further examine this association in adult patients.

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