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Midwifery. 2016 Aug;39:112-23. doi: 10.1016/j.midw.2016.04.014. Epub 2016 May 7.

The birth experience and women's postnatal depression: A systematic review.

Author information

1
University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Nursing, Department of Women, Children and Family Health Science, 845 S. Damen Ave. M/C 802, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. Electronic address: abell2@uic.edu.
2
Karolinska Institutet, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Division for Reproductive Health, Retziusväg 13 A, 17177 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: ewa.andersson@ki.se.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

maternal postnatal depression confers strong risk for impaired child development. Little is known about the association between women's postnatal birth experience and postnatal depression.

PURPOSE:

to systematically identify and review studies examining the association between the birth experience and postnatal depression.

METHODS:

a systematic search strategy was employed using the Matrix Method (Garrard, 2014) and guided by the PRISMA reporting process.Criteria included broad search terms, English language, and publication years 2000-2015. The search revealed 1536 abstracts narrowed to full-text review of 112 studies.

FINDINGS:

eleven of the 15 studies meeting search criteria demonstrated a significant association between women's postnatal birth experience and postnatal depression. Results show heterogeneity in birth experience instruments. Strength of evidence and potential for bias are discussed.

KEY CONCLUSIONS:

in spite of methodological limitations, the weight of evidence suggests that a negative birth experience may contribute to postnatal depression. Further research is warranted.

IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE:

to promote a positive birth experience healthcare providers should provide supportive, nurturing care that promotes women's confidence, trust, respect, privacy, shared decision making, and feeling of safety. Healthcare policy that promotes quality caregiving may reduce risk of postnatal depression.

KEYWORDS:

Birth experience; Birth satisfaction; Depression; Postnatal; Postpartum; Systematic review

PMID:
27321728
DOI:
10.1016/j.midw.2016.04.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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