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J Affect Disord. 2016 Nov 1;204:32-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2016.06.015. Epub 2016 Jun 7.

Influence of lithium on sleep and chronotypes in remitted patients with bipolar disorder.

Author information

1
Inserm, U1144, Paris F-75006, France; Université Paris Descartes, UMR-S 1144, Paris F-75006, France; Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, UMR-S 1144, Paris F-75013, France; AP-HP, GH Saint-Louis - Lariboisière - F. Widal, Département de Psychiatrie et de Médecine Addictologique, 75475 Paris Cedex 10, France; Fondation FondaMental, Créteil, France. Electronic address: pierre.a.geoffroy@gmail.com.
2
Fondation FondaMental, Créteil, France; CHU Clermont-Ferrand, EA 7280, University of Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand, France; Institute of Neuroscience, Hospital Clinic, University of Barcelona, IDIBAPS, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
3
Fondation FondaMental, Créteil, France; CHU Clermont-Ferrand, EA 7280, University of Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand, France.
4
Inserm, U1144, Paris F-75006, France; Université Paris Descartes, UMR-S 1144, Paris F-75006, France; Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, UMR-S 1144, Paris F-75013, France; Faculté de Pharmacie de Paris, Laboratoire de biomathématiques, France; Département de biostatistique et d'informatique médicale, Hôpital Saint-Louis, APHP, Paris, France.
5
Inserm, U1144, Paris F-75006, France; Université Paris Descartes, UMR-S 1144, Paris F-75006, France; Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, UMR-S 1144, Paris F-75013, France; AP-HP, GH Saint-Louis - Lariboisière - F. Widal, Département de Psychiatrie et de Médecine Addictologique, 75475 Paris Cedex 10, France; Fondation FondaMental, Créteil, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Lithium (Li) is the first-line treatment for bipolar disorder (BD), but its mechanisms of action remain unknown. Although the chronobiological action of Li is well documented in animals, its effects on sleep and chronotypes in remitted BD patients have never been investigated.

METHODS:

OPTHYMUM is a multicenter, cross-sectional, observational study conducted in France. We compared the sleep (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, PSQI) and chronotypes (Composite Scale of Morningness, CSM) of 525 euthymic adult bipolar outpatients with (n=149) and without (n=376) current Li treatment. We used a general linear mixed-effects Poisson model to correct for age, gender, BD subtype, and mood symptoms.

RESULTS:

In patients with BD type I, women taking Li had significantly lower PSQI (-23% [-37; -7]), but men did not (-4% [-20; +16]). Patients with BD I taking Li had better sleep efficiency (-40% [-61; -7]) and tended to better sleep duration scores (-42% [-68; +3]). A Li effect exists in women for both sleep duration and the use of night sedation (resp. -70% [-90; -10] and -37% [-60; +0.01]) but not in men (resp. -12% [-63;+113] and +9% [-31;+72]). No such associations were observed for BD II. No lithium effect was detected in the CSM score.

LIMITATIONS:

No controls for other medications but no between-group differences for sedative or antidepressant intakes.

CONCLUSIONS:

Euthymic BD I patients with Li have better sleep efficiency and longer sleep duration than those without Li. Women with Li have better sleep quality, longer sleep duration and less frequent use of night sedation.

KEYWORDS:

Bipolar disorders; Chronobiology; Circadian rhythms; Lithium; Sleep

PMID:
27318597
DOI:
10.1016/j.jad.2016.06.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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