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Dev Biol. 1989 Jul;134(1):206-14.

The chick's marginal zone and primitive streak formation. I. Coordinative effect of induction and inhibition.

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Department of Zoology, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel.


A variety of transplantation experiments of posterior and lateral marginal zone fragments at stages X, XI, and XII have been carried out in order to test their relevance to the development of a primitive streak (PS). At the stages studied the marginal zone (MZ) was shown to behave as a ring-like gradient field, the maximal value of which was at the posterior end (PM). The PM was found to be capable at the same time of promoting the development of a PS and of suppressing the inductive potential of other regions of the MZ. By systematically evaluating inductive and suppressive capacities of PMs, at different developmental stages, it was found that both features are maximal at stage X. During stages XI and XII, both properties gradually decrease in the MZ and build up in the forming hypoblast.

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