Send to

Choose Destination
J Phys Ther Sci. 2016 May;28(5):1599-601. doi: 10.1589/jpts.28.1599. Epub 2016 May 31.

Evaluation of effects of different treatments for the wrist joints of subdominant hands using joint proprioception and writing time.

Author information

School of Rehabilitation Medicine, Capital Medical University, China; Department of Physical Therapy, China Rehabilitation Research Center, China.
Beijing Chaoyang District Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital, China.
School of Rehabilitation Medicine, Capital Medical University, China; Department of Orthopedic and Orthopedic Rehabilitation China Rehabilitation Research Center, China.
Rehabilitation Therapy Department, PKU Care Rehabilitation Hospital, China.


[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine immediate effects of strength training and NJF distal resistance training in wrist joints by using writing time and evaluation of proprioception using the JPE test. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 12 young healthy people (24.2 ± 3.1 y, 169.7 ± 6.5 cm, 65.3 ± 12.6 kg). Two isotonic contraction techniques were applied on the wrist joint: wrist joint extension muscle strength training (MST) and the wrist joint extension pattern of NJF. The uppercase English alphabet writing time and joint position errors of the left upper limb were measured before and after one intervention session of MST and NJF. [Results] The decrease in errors in wrist extension angle repetition and the writing time represented the improvement resulting from NJF. [Conclusion] This result suggests that the subdominant hands wrist joint proprioception and writing function can be improved by NJF together with proximal resistance training.


Joint position error; Neuromuscular joint facilitation; Wrist joint proprioception

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center