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Science. 2016 Jun 17;352(6292):1455-9. doi: 10.1126/science.aaf2295. Epub 2016 Jun 16.

Improvements in ecosystem services from investments in natural capital.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China. zyouyang@rcees.ac.cn gdaily@stanford.edu.
2
State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China.
3
Department of Applied Economics and Natural Capital Project, Institute on the Environment, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108, USA.
4
Center for Systems Integration and Sustainability, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48823-5243, USA.
5
Satellite Environment Center, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Beijing 100094, China.
6
School of Geographic and Environmental Sciences, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550001, China.
7
Key Laboratory of Digital Earth Sciences, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.
8
College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China.
9
Department of Biology, Natural Capital Project, and Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. zyouyang@rcees.ac.cn gdaily@stanford.edu.

Abstract

In response to ecosystem degradation from rapid economic development, China began investing heavily in protecting and restoring natural capital starting in 2000. We report on China's first national ecosystem assessment (2000-2010), designed to quantify and help manage change in ecosystem services, including food production, carbon sequestration, soil retention, sandstorm prevention, water retention, flood mitigation, and provision of habitat for biodiversity. Overall, ecosystem services improved from 2000 to 2010, apart from habitat provision. China's national conservation policies contributed significantly to the increases in those ecosystem services.

PMID:
27313045
DOI:
10.1126/science.aaf2295
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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