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Mod Pathol. 2016 Sep;29(9):944-61. doi: 10.1038/modpathol.2016.91. Epub 2016 Jun 17.

The flowering of pathology as a medical discipline in Boston, 1892-c.1950: W.T. Councilman, FB Mallory, JH Wright, SB Wolbach and their descendants.

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James Homer Wright Pathology Laboratories, Pathology Service, Massachusetts General Hospital and Department of Pathology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
Mallory Institute of Pathology, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Boston University Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA.


During most of the nineteenth century, the discipline of pathology in Boston made substantial strides as a result of physicians and surgeons who practiced pathology on a part-time basis. The present essay tells the subsequent story, beginning in 1892, when full-time pathologists begin to staff the medical schools and hospitals of Boston. Three individuals from this era deserve special mention: William T Councilman, Frank Burr Mallory and James Homer Wright, with Councilman remembered primarily as a visionary and teacher, Mallory as a trainer of many pathologists, and Wright as a scientist. Together with S Burt Wolbach in the early-to-mid-twentieth century, these pathologists went on to train the next generation of pathologists-a generation that then populated the various hospitals that were developed in Boston in the early 1900s. This group of seminal pathologists in turn formed the diagnostically strong, academically productive, pathology departments that grew in Boston over the remainder of the twentieth century.

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