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Br J Nutr. 2016 Aug;116(4):700-9. doi: 10.1017/S0007114516002427. Epub 2016 Jun 17.

Typology of eaters based on conventional and organic food consumption: results from the NutriNet-Santé cohort study.

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1COMUE Sorbonne-Paris-Cité,Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN),Centre d'Epidémiologie et Statistiques Paris Cité,Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM, U1153),Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA, U1125),Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers (CNAM),Université Paris 13,F-93017 Bobigny,France.
3Nutrition, Obésité et Risque Thrombotique (NORT),Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM),UMR S 1062,Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA) 1260,Aix Marseille Université,13005 Marseille,France.


Limited information is available on large-scale populations regarding the socio-demographic and nutrient profiles and eating behaviour of consumers, taking into account both organic and conventional foods. The aims of this study were to draw up a typology of consumers according to their eating habits, based both on their dietary patterns and the mode of food production, and to outline their socio-demographic, behavioural and nutritional characteristics. Data were collected from 28 245 participants of the NutriNet-Santé study. Dietary information was obtained using a 264-item, semi-quantitative, organic FFQ. To identify clusters of consumers, principal component analysis was applied on sixteen conventional and sixteen organic food groups followed by a clustering procedure. The following five clusters of consumers were identified: (1) a cluster characterised by low energy intake, low consumption of organic food and high prevalence of inadequate nutrient intakes; (2) a cluster of big eaters of conventional foods with high intakes of SFA and cholesterol; (3) a cluster with high consumption of organic food and relatively adequate nutritional diet quality; (4) a group with a high percentage of organic food consumers, 14 % of which were either vegetarians or vegans, who exhibited a high nutritional diet quality and a low prevalence of inadequate intakes of most vitamins except B12; and (5) a group of moderate organic food consumers with a particularly high intake of proteins and alcohol and a poor nutritional diet quality. These findings may have implications for future aetiological studies investigating the potential impact of organic food consumption.


Clusters; Dietary patterns; Nutrient intakes; Org-FFQ organic FFQ; Organic foods; Profiles of consumers; mPNNS-GS modified Programme National Nutrition Santé Guidelines Score

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