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Can J Microbiol. 1989 Mar;35(3):366-72.

Production of mutacin-like substances by Streptococcus mutans.

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Département de biochimie, Université Laval, Saint-Foy, Québec, Canada.


Production of inhibitory substances by strains of the Streptococcus mutans group is well documented, but the nature of the substances implied is often unknown. Of nine laboratory strains known to produce inhibitory substances, the optimal conditions for producing inhibition zones on solid media were found to vary between strains but good production was generally obtained on all-purpose media with Tween 80 at 37 degrees C after 2-4 days of aerobic incubation. Streptococcus sanguis Ny101 was found to be more sensitive than Streptococcus rattus LG-1 to all inhibitory substances produced by the S. mutans strains tested. While all strains showed some inhibition, only six showed inhibition after neutralization; arginine incorporated in agar at 0.75% completely eliminated all inhibition zones. However 1% arginine in the overlays did not affect the production of inhibition zones by strains of S. mutans C67-1, Ny257, Ny266, and T8. These strains were shown to elaborate (in a reproducible fashion) inhibitory substances which were not organic acids. Inhibitory activity was never obtained in liquid preparations, except for strains Ny257 and T8 where it was found to be very unstable.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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