Send to

Choose Destination
BMC Immunol. 2016 Jun 16;17(1):18. doi: 10.1186/s12865-016-0157-9.

Reconstitution of immune cell in liver and lymph node of adult- and newborn-engrafted humanized mice.

Author information

Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, McMaster Immunology Research Centre, Hamilton, ON, L8N 3Z5, Canada.
Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8N 3Z5, Canada.
Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, McMaster Immunology Research Centre, Hamilton, ON, L8N 3Z5, Canada.
McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, MDCL 4015, Hamilton, ON, Canada.



Humanized mouse models are an increasingly popular preclinical model to study the human immune response in a biological system. There are a variety of protocols to generate these mice, each differing in the strain of the recipient, source of hematopoietic stem cells, and mode of transplantation. Though there is well-documented reconstitution information regarding the spleen, blood, and bone marrow, there is little information regarding reconstitution of the lymph node and liver. In this report, we sought to compare reconstitution levels in a variety of immunological tissues, including the lymph node and liver, between mice engrafted intravenously as adults and intrahepatically in newborns.


CD34+ cells were enriched from cord blood and transplanted intravenously into irradiated adult NOD-Rag1(-/-)IL2rγ(-/-) (NRG) mice or intra-hepatically into irradiated newborn NRG mice. At 9-28 weeks post-engraftment, immunological tissues were processed and analyzed for human lymphoid and myeloid subsets. Adult and newborn engrafted humanized mice were comparable in long-term reconstitution of human CD45 cells and subsequent lymphoid and myeloid subsets in the spleen, bone marrow, thymus, lymph node, and liver. Mice engrafted as newborns had a higher level of T-cells and a lower level of B-cells compared to mice engrafted as adults. We observed significant levels of human immune cell engraftment in both the lymph node and the liver, with a predominant adaptive immune population in both compartments.


Human immune cells repopulate liver and mesenteric lymph nodes of NRG mice and can be used to study the human immune system in the gastrointestinal tract.


Humanized mice; Liver; Natural killer cells

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center