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Pediatr Emerg Care. 2017 May;33(5):344-345. doi: 10.1097/PEC.0000000000000780.

Cannabinoid Poisoning by Hemp Seed Oil in a Child.

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From the *University of Trieste, Institute for Maternal and Child Health IRCCS 'Burlo Garofolo', Trieste; †Department of Pediatrics and Pediatric Hematology, S. Camillo-Forlanini Hospital; ‡Legal Medicine Department, Public Health Institute, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart; and §Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, Genetics Unit, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy.


We report a case of mild cannabinoid poisoning in a preschool child, after 3-week ingestion of hemp seed oil prescribed by his pediatrician to strengthen his immune system. The patient presented neurological symptoms that disappeared after intravenous hydration. A possible mild withdrawal syndrome was reported after discharge. The main metabolite of Δ-tetrahydrocannabinol was detected in urine, and very low concentration of Δ-tetrahydrocannabinol was detected in the ingested product. This is, as far as we know, the first report of cannabinoid poisoning after medical prescription of hemp seed oil in a preschool child.

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