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World J Gastroenterol. 2016 Jun 14;22(22):5193-200. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v22.i22.5193.

Chitooligosaccharides promote radiosensitivity in colon cancer line SW480.

Author information

1
Fu-Shi Han, Jin-Ming Xu, Department of Imaging, Tongji University Affiliated Yangpu Hospital, Shanghai 200090, China.

Abstract

AIM:

To investigate the anti-proliferation and radiosensitization effect of chitooligosaccharides (COS) on human colon cancer cell line SW480.

METHODS:

SW480 cells were treated with 0, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0 and 5.0 mg/mL of COS for 48 h. CCK-8 assay was employed to obtain the cell survival ratio of SW480 cells, and the anti-proliferation curve was observed with the inhibition ratio of COS on SW480 cells. The RAY + COS group was treated with 1.0 mg/mL of COS for 48 h, while both the RAY and RAY+COS groups were exposed to X-ray at 0, 1, 2, 4, 6 and 8 Gy, respectively. Clonogenic assay was used to analyze cell viability in the two groups at 10 d after treatment, and a cell survival curve was used to analyze the sensitization ratio of COS. The RAY group was exposed to X-ray at 6 Gy, while the RAY+COS group was treated with 1.0 mg/mL of COS for 48 h in advance and exposed to X-ray at 6 Gy. Flow cytometry was employed to detect cell cycle and apoptosis rate in the non-treatment group, as well as in the RAY and RAY + COS groups after 24 h of treatment.

RESULTS:

COS inhibited the proliferation of SW480 cells, and the inhibition rate positively correlated with the concentration of COS (P < 0.01). Cell viability decreased as radiation dose increased in the RAY and RAY+COS groups (P < 0.01). Cell viabilities in the RAY+COS group were lower than in the RAY group at all doses of X-ray exposure (P < 0.01), and the sensitization ratio of COS on SW480 cells was 1.39. Compared with the non-treatment group, there was a significant increase in apoptosis rate in both the RAY and RAY + COS groups; while the apoptosis rate in the RAY+COS group was significantly higher than in the RAY group (P < 0.01). In comparing these three groups, the percentage of G2/M phase in both the RAY and RAY + COS groups significantly increased, and the percentage of the S phase and G0/G1 phase was downregulated. Furthermore, the percentage in the G2/M phase was higher, and the percentage in the S phase and G0/G1 phase was lower in the RAY + COS group vs RAY group (P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION:

COS can inhibit the proliferation of SW480 cells and enhance the radiosensitization of SW480 cells, inducing apoptosis and G2/M phase arrest.

KEYWORDS:

Apoptosis; Cancer of colon; Cell cycle; Chitooligosaccharides; Radiosensitization; Radiotherapy

PMID:
27298562
PMCID:
PMC4893466
DOI:
10.3748/wjg.v22.i22.5193
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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