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Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2016 Oct 2;12(10):2565-2571. doi: 10.1080/21645515.2016.1193658. Epub 2016 Jun 13.

Mycobacterial L-forms are found in cord blood: A potential vertical transmission of BCG from vaccinated mothers.

Author information

1
a Institute of Microbiology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences , Sofia , Bulgaria.
2
b Medical University , Sofia , Bulgaria.
3
c Institute of Biology and Immunology of Reproduction , Sofia , Bulgaria.

Abstract

Our previous studies showed that mycobacterial L-forms persist in the blood of BCG vaccinated people and that BCG vaccine is able to produce, under appropriate conditions, filterable, self-replicating L-bodies with virus-like size. Because filterability is one of the characteristics of L-forms, considerable interest has been shown in their capacity to cross the maternal-fetal barrier. The current study demonstrated isolation of mycobacterial L-form cultures from umbilical cord blood of 5 healthy newborns of healthy mothers vaccinated previously with BCG. The isolated cultures showed distinctive growth characteristics of cell wall deficient L-form bacteria. Transmission electron microscopy demonstrated presence of L-bodies with extremely small size of 100 nm and revealed morphological transformations, typical for L-forms. IS6110 Real Time PCR assay confirmed that all L-form isolates were of mycobacterial origin and belonged to Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex which includes vaccinal BCG substrains. In conclusion, we could suggest that reproductive filterable L-bodies of BCG origin are able to fall in blood circulation of the fetus by vertical transmitted pathway and colonize newborns.

KEYWORDS:

BCG; L-forms; cord blood; mycobacteria; newborns

PMID:
27294392
PMCID:
PMC5085002
DOI:
10.1080/21645515.2016.1193658
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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