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J Adolesc. 2016 Aug;51:41-9. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2016.05.008. Epub 2016 Jun 10.

#Sleepyteens: Social media use in adolescence is associated with poor sleep quality, anxiety, depression and low self-esteem.

Author information

1
University of Glasgow, School of Psychology, 58 Hillhead Street, Glasgow G12 8QB, United Kingdom. Electronic address: Heather.Woods@Glasgow.ac.uk.
2
University of Glasgow, School of Psychology, 58 Hillhead Street, Glasgow G12 8QB, United Kingdom. Electronic address: 0907122n@student.gla.ac.uk.

Abstract

This study examined how social media use related to sleep quality, self-esteem, anxiety and depression in 467 Scottish adolescents. We measured overall social media use, nighttime-specific social media use, emotional investment in social media, sleep quality, self-esteem and levels of anxiety and depression. Adolescents who used social media more - both overall and at night - and those who were more emotionally invested in social media experienced poorer sleep quality, lower self-esteem and higher levels of anxiety and depression. Nighttime-specific social media use predicted poorer sleep quality after controlling for anxiety, depression and self-esteem. These findings contribute to the growing body of evidence that social media use is related to various aspects of wellbeing in adolescents. In addition, our results indicate that nighttime-specific social media use and emotional investment in social media are two important factors that merit further investigation in relation to adolescent sleep and wellbeing.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescence; Anxiety; Depression; Self-esteem; Sleep; Social media

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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