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Int J Ment Health Nurs. 2017 Aug;26(4):344-354. doi: 10.1111/inm.12229. Epub 2016 Jun 13.

Resilience of nurses who work in community mental health workplaces in Palestine.

Author information

1
College of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, West Bank, Palestine.
2
School of Healthcare Sciences, College of Biomedical and Life Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK.

Abstract

People in Palestine live and work in a significantly challenging environment. As a result of these challenges they have developed resilient responses which are embedded in their cultural context. 'Sumud', in particular, is a socio-political concept which refers to ways of surviving in the context of occupation, chronic adversity, lack of resources and limited infrastructure. Nurses' work in Palestine is an under-researched subject and very little is known about how nurses adjust to such challenging environments. To address this gap in the literature this study aimed to explore the resilience of community mental health nurses (CMHNs) who work in Palestine. An interpretive qualitative design was chosen. Fifteen face-to-face interviews were completed with participants. Thirty-two hours of observations of the day-to-day working environment and workplace routines were conducted in two communities' mental health centres. Written documents relating to practical job-related policies were also collected from various workplaces. Thematic analysis was used across all data sources resulting in four main themes, which describe the sources of resilience among CMHNs. These sources are 'Sumud and Islamic cultures', 'Supportive relationships', 'Making use of the available resources', and 'Personal capacity'. The study concludes with a better understanding of resilience in nursing, which draws on wider cultural contexts and social ecological responses. The outcomes from this study will be used to develop the resilience of CMHNs in Palestine.

KEYWORDS:

Palestine; community mental health nurses; cultural context; resilience; social ecology

PMID:
27293015
DOI:
10.1111/inm.12229
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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