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J Cell Biochem. 2017 Jan;118(1):172-181. doi: 10.1002/jcb.25623. Epub 2016 Jun 21.

Chondrogenesis of Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Induced by TGFβ1 and BMP7 Through Increased TGFβ Receptor Expression and Endogenous TGFβ1 Production.

Lee PT1,2, Li WJ1,3.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin.
2
Graduate Program in Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin.
3
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin.

Abstract

For decades stem cells have proven to be invaluable to the study of tissue development. More recently, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from embryonic stem cells (ESCs) (ESC-MSCs) have emerged as a cell source with great potential for the future of biomedical research due to their enhanced proliferative capability compared to adult tissue-derived MSCs and effectiveness of musculoskeletal lineage-specific cell differentiation compared to ESCs. We have previously compared the properties and differentiation potential of ESC-MSCs to bone marrow-derived MSCs. In this study, we evaluated the potential of TGFβ1 and BMP7 to induce chondrogenic differentiation of ESC-MSCs compared to that of TGFβ1 alone and further investigated the cellular phenotype and intracellular signaling in response to these induction conditions. Our results showed that the expression of cartilage-associated markers in ESC-MSCs induced by the TGFβ1 and BMP7 combination was increased compared to induction with TGFβ1 alone. The TGFβ1 and BMP7 combination upregulated the expression of TGFβ receptor and the production of endogenous TGFβs compared to TGFβ1 induction. The growth factor combination also increasingly activated both of the TGF and BMP signaling pathways, and inhibition of the signaling pathways led to reduced chondrogenesis of ESC-MSCs. Our findings suggest that by adding BMP7 to TGFβ1-supplemented induction medium, ESC-MSC chondrogenesis is upregulated through increased production of endogenous TGFβ and activities of TGFβ and BMP signaling. J. Cell. Biochem. 118: 172-181, 2017.

KEYWORDS:

BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEIN; CHONDROGENESIS; EMBRYONIC STEM CELL; MESENCHYMAL STEM CELL; TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR-BETA

PMID:
27292615
PMCID:
PMC5118051
DOI:
10.1002/jcb.25623
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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