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J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2017 Jun;4(3):425-431. doi: 10.1007/s40615-016-0243-y. Epub 2016 Jun 10.

An Examination of Self-Rated Health Among African-American Men.

Author information

1
College of Medicine, Howard University, 2041 Georgia Avenue, NW, Washington, DC, 20060, USA. t_r_taylor@howard.edu.
2
Department of Psychology, Howard University, Washington, DC, USA. t_r_taylor@howard.edu.
3
Department of Psychology, Howard University, Washington, DC, USA.
4
Department of Biostatistics, Bioinformatics, and Biomathematics, Georgetown University, Washington, DC, USA.

Abstract

Self-rated health is a concept that has been linked to objective health outcomes but has not received much attention with regard to African-American men. The purpose of this study is to examine the relation of multiple factors (sociodemographic, health behaviors, personal health measures, and personality traits) with self-rated health in a sample of African-American men. The role personality plays in self-rated health in combination with other variables among African-American males has not thoroughly been explored. One hundred and seventy African-American men, ages 30-70 years old, were recruited for this study and completed a questionnaire assessing self-rated health, sociodemographics, health behaviors, personal health measures, and personality traits. Block-wise regression modeling was employed. The blocks were sociodemographics, health behaviors, personal health measures, and personality traits. Variables significantly associated with self-rated health in block-wise regression analyses at P < .05 (household income, BMI, number of health conditions, and neuroticism) were entered into the final multiple logistic regression model. Being obese was associated with greater odds of poor/fair self-rated health compared to being normal weight (OR = 9.02, 95 % CI 2.85-28.51, P < .001). Compared to reporting no health conditions, having more than one health condition was associated with greater odds of reporting poor/fair self-rated health (OR = 4.82, 95 % CI 1.18-19.69, P = .029). This study shows that existing medical conditions are important determinants of self-rated health among African-American men.

KEYWORDS:

African-American males; Self-rated health

PMID:
27287278
DOI:
10.1007/s40615-016-0243-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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