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Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2016 Oct 1;67:276-284. doi: 10.1016/j.msec.2016.05.006. Epub 2016 May 4.

The effect of increasing honey concentration on the properties of the honey/polyvinyl alcohol/chitosan nanofibers.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, School of Sciences and Engineering, The American University in Cairo, New Cairo 11835, Egypt.
2
Department of Chemistry, School of Sciences and Engineering, The American University in Cairo, New Cairo 11835, Egypt. Electronic address: hazzazy@aucegypt.edu.
3
Center for Materials Science, University of Science and Technology, Zewail City of Science and Technology, 6th October City, 12588 Giza, Egypt.

Abstract

The effect of increasing honey concentrations from 10% to 30% within the Honey (H)/polyvinyl alcohol (P)/chitosan (CS) nanofibers was investigated. Changes in the electrospun nanofiber diameters, crystallinity, thermal behavior, porosity and antibacterial activity have been assessed using SEM, XRD, DSC, TGA, mercury porosimeter and viable cell count technique. The HPCS nanofibers were cross-linked and tested for their swelling abilities and degradation behavior. The mean diameter of HPCS nanofibers increased from 284±97nm to 464±185nm upon increasing the honey concentration from 10% to 30%. Irrespective the honey concentrations, the nanofibers have demonstrated enhanced porosity. Increasing the honey concentration resulted in a reduction in the swelling of the 1h cross-linked HPCS nanofibers containing 10% and 30% H from 520% to 100%; respectively. Degradation after 30days was reduced in the 3h cross-linked HPCS nanofibers compared to the non-crosslinked HPCS nanofibers. Enhanced antibacterial activity was achieved against both Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli upon increasing the honey concentration. Changing the honey concentration and the extent of nanofiber crosslinking can be used to adjust different parameters of the HPCS nanofibers to suit their applications in wound healing and tissue engineering.

KEYWORDS:

Antibacterial activity; Biomaterials; Honey chitosan nanofibers; Porosity; Swelling

PMID:
27287123
DOI:
10.1016/j.msec.2016.05.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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