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Nurs Stand. 2016 Jun 8;30(41):52-60. doi: 10.7748/ns.30.41.52.s45.

Early diagnosis and testing for human immunodeficiency virus.

Author information

1
London South Bank University, London, England.

Abstract

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is now considered a long-term condition. However, HIV can only become a long-term condition if it is diagnosed early and antiretroviral therapy is commenced immediately. Individuals with HIV who are diagnosed late have an increased risk of death in the year after diagnosis compared to those diagnosed promptly. This article outlines HIV testing policy in the UK, the importance of the early diagnosis of HIV, the barriers to HIV testing, and how to offer testing in a range of settings.

KEYWORDS:

HIV; HIV prevention; HIV test; HIV testing; HIV testing policy; HIV-positive healthcare workers; human immunodeficiency virus

PMID:
27286626
DOI:
10.7748/ns.30.41.52.s45
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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