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Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2016 Mar 15;10(1):e2026. doi: 10.17795/ijpbs-2026. eCollection 2016 Mar.

Iranian Children With ADHD and Mental Health of Their Mothers: The Role of Stress.

Author information

1
Ma, Government Management, Department of Expert Customers Care, Agriculture Bank, Semnan, IR Iran.
2
Social Worker, Shahid Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.
3
PhD Student in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Addiction Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Mazandaran, IR Iran.
4
Pediatrics, Velayat Hospital, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, IR Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a psychiatric disorder that can result in stress for the mother, resulting in poor health.

OBJECTIVES:

The current study, conducted in 2012, aims to assess stress among forty-six Iranian mothers of ADHD children (Group 1) who were admitted to a psychiatric center in Tehran with forty-six Iranian mothers of normal children (Group 2) in 2012.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The Child Symptom Inventory-4 (CSI-4), the child behavior checklist (CBCL) and the parental stress index-short form (PSI/SF) were completed. Data was analyzed using the Levene test and the independent t-test in SPSS Version 18.

RESULTS:

With the exception of mood, ADHD children had more problems in attention compared with normal children. As a result, mothers of ADHD children had more stress compared with the controls.

CONCLUSIONS:

ADHD can impair a mother's mental health by inducing stress. Specific diagnostic and treatment programs should be designed and tailored for the mothers of ADHD children in order to decrease stress.

KEYWORDS:

ADHD; Attention; Hyperactivity; Iran; Stress; Treatment

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