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Vet World. 2016 May;9(5):512-8. doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2016.512-518. Epub 2016 May 26.

Reproductive disorders in dairy cattle under semi-intensive system of rearing in North-Eastern India.

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ICAR-National Research Centre on Mithun, Jharnapani, Medziphema - 797 106, Nagaland, India.
ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Umiam - 793 103, Meghalaya, India.
Central Institute for Research on Cattle, Meerut - 255 001, Uttar Pradesh, India.



This study was conducted to determine the incidence of major reproductive problems of dairy cattle reared under a semi-intensive system by small and marginal farmers in Meghalaya province of North-Eastern India.


In a 3 years study, a total of 576 crossbred dairy cattle (212 Holstein Friesian cross and 364 Jersey cross) from all districts (n=11) of Meghalaya were assessed with the survey, clinical examination, and personal observations.


Out of the total animal assessed, 33.85% (n=195) were found to be affected with one or more of the clinical reproductive problems. Repeat breeding (RB), anestrus, retention of fetal membrane, and abortion were found to be the major clinical reproductive problems. Out of the total animal affected with reproductive disorders, the incidence of anestrus, RB, retention of fetal membrane, and abortion was found to be 31.79% (n=62), 24.61% (n=48), 14.35% (n=28), and 11.25% (n=22), respectively. In addition, dystocia (5.12%), prolapse (1.53%), endometritis (4.61%), and pyometra (6.66%) were minor clinical reproductive problems. There was a significant difference in the incidence of reproductive disorders with respect to breed, age, and parity.


It was revealed from this study that RB, anestrus, retention of fetal membrane, and dystocia are the major clinical reproductive problems in Meghalaya. Results indicated unsatisfactory feeding, housing, and health management practices are the main cause of low fertility of dairy cows. Lack of scientific knowledge, low access to breeding, and health services further contributed to low productivity and fertility.


Meghalaya; anestrus; dairy; infertility; reproductive disorders

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