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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2016 Aug 12;477(1):68-75. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2016.06.022. Epub 2016 Jun 6.

Microvesicles derived from Alde-Low EPCs support the wound healing capacity of AT-MSCs.

Author information

1
Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, Laboratory of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Biology, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tsukuba, 305-8575 Japan.
2
Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, Laboratory of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Biology, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tsukuba, 305-8575 Japan; Ph.D. Program in Human Biology, School of Integrative and Global Majors, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tsukuba, 305-8575 Japan.
3
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tsukuba, 305-8575 Japan.
4
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tsukuba, 305-8575 Japan.
5
Laboratory of Molecular Pathophysiology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Takasaki University of Health and Welfare, Takasaki, 370-0033 Japan.
6
Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, Laboratory of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Biology, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tsukuba, 305-8575 Japan. Electronic address: oohneda@md.tsukuba.ac.jp.

Abstract

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are defined as multipotent cells that can give rise to various kinds of differentiated mesenchymal cells, and are thus considered to be useful for clinical therapy. However, the big hurdles of MSC therapy are the inability of MSCs to reach the appropriate tissues or sites with high efficiency and engraftment after transplantation. In this study, we investigated how adipose tissue-derived MSCs (AT-MSCs) improve their homing ability after intravenous injection. We previously found that human endothelial progenitor cells with low aldehyde dehydrogenase activity (Alde-Low EPCs) are suitable for the treatment of ischemic tissues. In addition, we demonstrated that microvesicles (MVs) derived from Alde-Low EPCs possessed the ability to improve the homing ability of non-functional Alde-High EPCs, resulting in wound healing. We initially transfected MVs derived from Alde-Low EPCs (EMVs) to human AT-MSCs, which were originally unable to cure ischemic tissues by intravenous transplantation. Remarkably, AT-MSC transfected EMVs dramatically repaired the ischemic skin flap compared with AT-MSC derived-MV (MMVs) transfected AT-MSCs or control AT-MSCs. We then found that the expression of CXCR4, an important chemokine receptor for cell migration, was highly elevated in EMV-transfected AT-MSCs. Moreover, AT-MSCs transfected with EMVs, but not control AT-MSCs, migrated to wound sites after intravenous injection. Consequently, CD45(+) inflammatory cells were successfully recruited at the wound sites after the injection of EMV-transfected AT-MSCs. These results demonstrate that EMVs are a useful source to improve the homing ability and wound healing ability of MSCs at the wound sites.

KEYWORDS:

Endothelial progenitor cells; Mesenchymal stem cells; Microvesicles; Migration; Wound healing

PMID:
27282479
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbrc.2016.06.022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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