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Diabet Med. 2016 Dec;33(12):1677-1685. doi: 10.1111/dme.13167. Epub 2016 Jul 9.

Barriers to and motivators for physical activity among people with Type 2 diabetes: patients' perspectives.

Author information

1
Steno Diabetes Center, Gentofte, Denmark.
2
Centre for Healthy Ageing, Department of Anthropology and Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Abstract

AIM:

To explore barriers to and motivators for physical activity in a group of overweight and obese individuals with dysregulated Type 2 diabetes.

METHODS:

Data were collected from the Steno Diabetes Center's outpatient clinic in Denmark. Four focus groups were conducted including 28 individuals with Type 2 diabetes aged 39-71 years. The facilitators used open-ended questions and probes such as images, statements and quotations about physical activity to foster active participation and interaction among participants. Focus groups were recorded on video and the discussions were transcribed and analysed thematically.

RESULTS:

We identified four main themes: 1) the body as a barrier to physical activity because of functional limitations; 2) logistical challenges, including lack of time and awareness of where to exercise in the local area; 3) being physically active with others, providing a sense of mutual commitment and enjoyment; and 4) goal-setting and self-tracking, which was seen as an opportunity to track physical improvement over time.

CONCLUSIONS:

The findings suggest that, once people are active, a high level of social interaction may help maintain their activity levels. Further research is needed to investigate the effect of combining individually tailored exercise plans with the establishment of customized and locally based exercise communities that offer enjoyment and support. Additionally, it is relevant to explore experiences of using self-tracking technologies to review short- and long-term goals.

PMID:
27279343
DOI:
10.1111/dme.13167
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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