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Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2016 Sep;9(3):327-32. doi: 10.1007/s12178-016-9352-9.

Impact of spine surgery complications on costs associated with management of adult spinal deformity.

Author information

1
Center for Clinical Effectiveness, Baylor Scott & White Health, 8080 North Central Expressway, Suite 500, Dallas, TX, 75206, USA. samrat.yeramaneni@bswhealth.org.
2
Center for Clinical Effectiveness, Baylor Scott & White Health, 8080 North Central Expressway, Suite 500, Dallas, TX, 75206, USA.
3
Baylor Scoliosis Center, Plano, TX, USA.

Abstract

A better understanding of the consequences of spine surgery complications is warranted to optimize patient-reported outcomes and contain the rising health care costs associated with the management of adult spinal deformity (ASD). We systematically searched PubMed and Scopus databases using keywords "adult spinal deformity surgery," "complications," and "cost" for published studies on costs of complications associated with spinal surgery, with a particular emphasis on ASD and scoliosis. In the 17 articles reviewed, we identified 355,354 patients with 11,148 reported complications. Infection was the most commonly reported complication, with an average treatment cost ranging from $15,817 to $38,701. Hospital costs for patients with deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary thromboembolism, and surgical site infection were 2.3 to 3.1 times greater than for patients without those complications. An effort to collect and characterize data on cost of complications is encouraged, which may help health care providers to identify potential resources to limit complications and overall costs.

KEYWORDS:

Adult spinal deformity; Complications; Cost analysis; Outcomes; Scoliosis; Spine surgery

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