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Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2016 Jan 31;18(4):e23664. doi: 10.5812/ircmj.23664. eCollection 2016 Apr.

Prevention and Treatment of Flatulence From a Traditional Persian Medicine Perspective.

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Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.
Qoran, Hadis and Teb Sciences Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.
School of Traditional Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.
Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center and Department of Traditional Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran.



The feeling of abdominal fullness, bloating, and movement of gas in the abdomen is a very uncomfortable sensation termed flatulence. Since flatulence is one of the most common gastrointestinal symptoms that is bothersome to patients, it is important to identify effective methods to resolve this issue. In modern medicine, management of flatulence is often not satisfactory. On the other hand, traditional systems of medicine can be considered good potential sources to find new approaches for preventing and treating flatulence. The aim of this study is to review flatulence treatments from a traditional Persian medicine (TPM) viewpoint.


In this study, the reasons for flatulence and methods for its prevention and treatment are reviewed in traditional Persian medicine (TPM) texts and then related with evidence from modern medicine by searching in databases, including PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, and IranMedex.


From a traditional Persian scholar viewpoint, one of the most important causes of flatulence is an incorrect manner of eating; valuable advice to correct bad eating habits will be illustrated. In addition, traditional practitioners describe some herbs and vegetables as well as herbal compounds that are effective food additives to relieve flatulence. The anti-flatulent effect of most of these herbs has been experimentally verified using modern medicine.


Attention to TPM can lead to the identification of new preventive and curative approaches to avoid and treat flatulence. In addition, Persian viewpoints from the medieval era regarding flatulence are historically important.


Flatulence; Modern Medicine; Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM)

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